Energy Bulls Pass Big Test With Flying Colors

Market TalkFriday, Jul 9 2021
Pivotal Week For Price Action

The energy bulls passed their first big test in 3 months with flying colors this week, bouncing off of trend support early Thursday morning, then extending those gains later in the day following a bullish report from the DOE, and keeping that momentum going this morning. Big draws in oil and gasoline inventories, and an all-time record for gasoline demand estimates, highlighted the DOE’s weekly report, and sent prices on an immediate rally that was able to sustain through the afternoon and the overnight session. 

The EIA’s total petroleum “demand” estimate surpassed 21 million barrels/day last week, a new high since the start of the pandemic, and higher than we were at this point in 2019.  That surge was led by a 10% spike in gasoline demand, which reached its highest weekly level in 30 years of data provided from the DOE. While the 4-week average (which is deemed much more reliable than the weekly number) is still trailing pre-pandemic levels, that spike north of 10 million barrels/day (the first time that’s ever happened) is a signal that US consumers are ready to move. We are likely to see a dose of reality next week as the post-holiday hangover has hit demand across the country, and the rain Elsa is dumping along the east coast likely is keeping cars off the road this week. Diesel demand estimates slipped on the week, but remain above both their 5 year average and 2019 levels for this time of year.

Refiners look to be up to the challenge of surging demand, raising gasoline output north of 10.5 million barrels/day for just a 3rd time ever, even though total run rates remain well below where we’d expect them this time of year, and 5% of capacity going away permanently over the past year. That said, as the wide spread in rack prices across the country shows, just because refiners can produce enough fuel in total to continue outpacing US consumption, that doesn’t mean the pipeline network is equipped to get that fuel where it needs to be, particularly in the Western half of the country.  

US Oil production did rise to 11.3 million barrels/day, another post-pandemic high. A WSJ article today suggests that American frackers are showing restraint with prices near 6 year highs, choosing to pay off debts rather than plow money into more drilling. While that sounds interesting, for an industry that does not do moderation, it seems like the supply-chain shortages being dealt with in so many industries may be a bigger factor. It will be interesting to see if we get a few more months of prices in the $70s, if the group long known as wildcatters will still be restrained.

If you need some weekend reading material (or are having trouble sleeping) check out BP’s annual world energy statistical review. The report highlights the record setting extremes we witnessed in 2020, details the progress the world is making on renewable energy sources, and notes why those efforts still fall far short of what would be needed to become carbon neutral.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk, including all charts from the weekly DOE Report.

TACenergy MT 7.9.21

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Market TalkFriday, May 17 2024

The Recovery Rally In Energy Markets Continues For A 3rd Day

The recovery rally in energy markets continues for a 3rd day with refined product futures both up more than a dime off of the multi-month lows we saw Wednesday morning. The DJIA broke 40,000 for the first time ever Thursday, and while it pulled back yesterday, US equity futures are suggesting the market will open north of that mark this morning, adding to the sends of optimism in the market.

Despite the bounce in the back half of the week, the weekly charts for both RBOB and ULSD are still painting a bearish outlook with a lower high and lower low set this week unless the early rally this morning can pick up steam in the afternoon. It does seem like the cycle of liquidation from hedge funds has ended however, so it would appear to be less likely that we’ll see another test of technical support near term after this bounce.

Ukraine hit another Russian refinery with a drone strike overnight, sparking a fire at Rosneft’s 240mb/day Tuapse facility on the black sea. That plant was one of the first to be struck by Ukrainian drones back in January and had just completed repairs from that strike in April. The attack was just one part of the largest drone attack to date on Russian energy infrastructure overnight, with more than 100 drones targeting power plants, fuel terminals and two different ports on the Black Sea. I guess that means Ukraine continues to politely ignore the White House request to stop blowing up energy infrastructure in Russia.

Elsewhere in the world where lots of things are being blown up: Several reports of a drone attack in Israel’s largest refining complex (just under 200kbd) made the rounds Thursday, although it remains unclear how much of that is propaganda by the attackers and if any impact was made on production.

The LA market had 2 different refinery upsets Thursday. Marathon reported an upset at the Carson section of its Los Angeles refinery in the morning (the Carson facility was combined with the Wilmington refinery in 2019 and now reports as a single unit to the state, but separately to the AQMD) and Chevron noted a “planned” flaring event Thursday afternoon. Diesel basis values in the region jumped 6 cents during the day. Chicago diesel basis also staged a recovery rally after differentials dropped past a 30 cent discount to futures earlier in the week, pushing wholesale values briefly below $2.10/gallon.

So far there haven’t been any reports of refinery disruptions from the severe weather than swept across the Houston area Thursday. Valero did report a weather-related upset at its Mckee refinery in the TX panhandle, although it appears they avoided having to take any units offline due to that event.

The Panama Canal Authority announced it was increasing its daily ship transit level to 31 from 24 as water levels in the region have recovered following more than a year of restrictions. That’s still lower than the 39 ships/day rate at the peak in 2021, but far better than the low of 18 ships per day that choked transit last year.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk.

Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkThursday, May 16 2024

Energy Prices Found A Temporary Floor After Hitting New Multi-Month Lows Wednesday

Energy prices found a temporary floor after hitting new multi-month lows Wednesday morning as a rally to record highs in US equity markets and a modestly bullish DOE report both seemed to encourage buyers to step back into the ring.

RBOB and ULSD futures both bounced more than 6 cents off of their morning lows, following a CPI report that eased inflation fears and boosted hopes for the stock market’s obsession of the FED cutting interest rates. Even though the correlation between energy prices and equities and currencies has been weak lately, the spillover effect on the bidding was clear from the timing of the moves Wednesday.

The DOE’s weekly report seemed to add to the optimism seen in equity markets as healthy increases in the government’s demand estimates kept product inventories from building despite increased refinery runs.

PADD 3 diesel stocks dropped after large increases in each of the past 3 weeks pushed inventories from the low end of their seasonal range to average levels. PADD 2 inventories remain well above average which helps explain the slump in mid-continent basis values over the past week. Diesel demand showed a nice recovery on the week and would actually be above the 5 year average if the 5% or so of US consumption that’s transitioned to RD was included in these figures.

Gasoline inventories are following typical seasonal patterns except on the West Coast where a surge in imports helped inventories recover for a 3rd straight week following April’s big basis rally.

Refiners for the most part are also following the seasonal script, ramping up output as we approach the peak driving demand season which unofficially kicks off in 10 days. PADD 2 refiners didn’t seem to be learning any lessons from last year’s basis collapse and rapidly increased run rates last week, which is another contributor to the weakness in midwestern cash markets. One difference this year for PADD 2 refiners is the new Transmountain pipeline system has eroded some of their buying advantage for Canadian crude grades, although those spreads so far haven’t shrunk as much as some had feared.

Meanwhile, wildfires are threatening Canada’s largest oil sands hub Ft. McMurray Alberta, and more than 6,000 people have been forced to evacuate the area. So far no production disruptions have been reported, but you may recall that fires in this region shut in more than 1 million barrels/day of production in 2016, which helped oil prices recover from their slump below $30/barrel.

California’s Air Resources Board announced it was indefinitely delaying its latest California Carbon Allowance (CCA) auction – in the middle of the auction - due to technical difficulties, with no word yet from the agency when bidders’ security payments will be returned, which is pretty much a nice microcosm for the entire Cap & Trade program those credits enable.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk, including all charts from the Weekly DOE Report.

Pivotal Week For Price Action