RBOB Gasoline Futures Try To Lead Petroleum Complex

Market TalkTuesday, Jul 27 2021
Pivotal Week For Price Action

RBOB gasoline futures are trying to lead the rest of the petroleum complex on another rally this week, moving higher for a 6th straight sessions, and coming within $.0025/gallon of reaching a new 7 year high overnight. Diesel and crude oil contracts are reluctant to follow so far, and remain a few percentage points below the multi-year highs they set earlier in the month. Which contract wins the tug of war this week may well determine if the 8 month old rally can continue, or if we’ll see a more substantial pull back in prices this fall. 

The Dallas Fed’s manufacturing survey for July showed another month of above average production for the state, while also highlighting the ongoing inflationary pressures many companies are facing. The report also offered a glimpse into the challenging labor market that is being felt across industries, and the country.

American Airlines is the latest in the long list of companies impacted by the driver shortage this summer, and has encouraged pilots to conserve fuel as a result. Make no mistake, it’s not a shortage of fuel -  refiners would love to make more Jet – as that product does not create a Renewable Volume Obligation like gasoline and ULSD do, and is one of the last outlets for higher sulfur blends, it’s a lack of capacity to get that fuel where it needs to go. 

While there may be plenty of fuel nationwide, regional shortages are becoming more common, with the San Francisco bay area becoming the latest to see prices spike as inventories dwindle. SF diesel basis values spiked another 7 cents in Monday’s trading, adding 16 cents to those differentials in the past 2 weeks. With two of the areas 5 refineries already shutting their doors to convert to renewable diesel production, and 2 more being told last week they’ll need to spend hundreds of millions of dollars to install equipment to reduce pollution, it seems like resupply will have to come from overseas.  

LA Spot values have also risen due to a pair of refinery issues in July, but are so far lagging the move this week. In normal years, we’d expect a fleet of trucks to long haul fuel to alleviate the regional shortages across the Western half of the country, but, well, you know the story.

Today’s interesting read: The wave of deal making changing the landscape of US oil drillers.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk.

Market Update (01A) 7.27.21

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Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkFriday, Apr 19 2024

Gasoline Futures Are Leading The Way Lower This Morning

It was a volatile night for markets around the world as Israel reportedly launched a direct strike against Iran. Many global markets, from equities to currencies to commodities saw big swings as traders initially braced for the worst, then reversed course rapidly once Iran indicated that it was not planning to retaliate. Refined products spiked following the initial reports, with ULSD futures up 11 cents and RBOB up 7 at their highest, only to reverse to losses this morning. Equities saw similar moves in reverse overnight as a flight to safety trade soon gave way to a sigh of relief recovery.

Gasoline futures are leading the way lower this morning, adding to the argument that we may have seen the spring peak in prices a week ago, unless some actual disruption pops up in the coming weeks. The longer term up-trend is still intact and sets a near-term target to the downside roughly 9 cents below current values. ULSD meanwhile is just a nickel away from setting new lows for the year, which would open up a technical trap door for prices to slide another 30 cents as we move towards summer.

A Reuters report this morning suggests that the EPA is ready to announce another temporary waiver of smog-prevention rules that will allow E15 sales this summer as political winds continue to prove stronger than any legitimate environmental agenda. RIN prices had stabilized around 45 cents/RIN for D4 and D6 credits this week and are already trading a penny lower following this report.

Delek’s Big Spring refinery reported maintenance on an FCC unit that would require 3 days of work. That facility, along with several others across TX, have had numerous issues ever since the deep freeze events in 2021 and 2024 did widespread damage. Meanwhile, overnight storms across the Midwest caused at least one terminal to be knocked offline in the St. Louis area, but so far no refinery upsets have been reported.

Meanwhile, in Russia: Refiners are apparently installing anti-drone nets to protect their facilities since apparently their sling shots stopped working.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk.

Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkThursday, Apr 18 2024

The Sell-Off Continues In Energy Markets, RBOB Gasoline Futures Are Now Down Nearly 13 Cents In The Past Two Days

The sell-off continues in energy markets. RBOB gasoline futures are now down nearly 13 cents in the past two days, and have fallen 16 cents from a week ago, leading to questions about whether or not we’ve seen the seasonal peak in gasoline prices. ULSD futures are also coming under heavy selling pressure, dropping 15 cents so far this week and are trading at their lowest level since January 3rd.

The drop on the weekly chart certainly takes away the upside momentum for gasoline that still favored a run at the $3 mark just a few days ago, but the longer term up-trend that helped propel a 90-cent increase since mid-December is still intact as long as prices stay above the $2.60 mark for the next week. If diesel prices break below $2.50 there’s a strong possibility that we see another 30 cent price drop in the next couple of weeks.

An unwind of long positions after Iran’s attack on Israel was swatted out of the sky without further escalation (so far anyway) and reports that Russia is resuming refinery runs, both seeming to be contributing factors to the sharp pullback in prices.

Along with the uncertainty about where the next attacks may or may not occur, and if they will have any meaningful impact on supply, come no shortage of rumors about potential SPR releases or how OPEC might respond to the crisis. The only thing that’s certain at this point, is that there’s much more spare capacity for both oil production and refining now than there was 2 years ago, which seems to be helping keep a lid on prices despite so much tension.

In addition, for those that remember the chaos in oil markets 50 years ago sparked by similar events in and around Israel, read this note from the NY Times on why things are different this time around.

The DOE’s weekly status report was largely ignored in the midst of the big sell-off Wednesday, with few noteworthy items in the report.

Diesel demand did see a strong recovery from last week’s throwaway figure that proves the vulnerability of the weekly estimates, particularly the week after a holiday, but that did nothing to slow the sell-off in ULSD futures.

Perhaps the biggest next of the week was that the agency made its seasonal changes to nameplate refining capacity as facilities emerged from their spring maintenance.

PADD 2 saw an increase of 36mb/day, and PADD 3 increased by 72mb/day, both of which set new records for regional capacity. PADD 5 meanwhile continued its slow-motion decline, losing another 30mb/day of capacity as California’s war of attrition against the industry continues. It’s worth noting that given the glacial pace of EIA reporting on the topic, we’re unlikely to see the impact of Rodeo’s conversion in the official numbers until next year.

Speaking of which, if you believe the PADD 5 diesel chart below that suggests the region is running out of the fuel, when in fact there’s an excess in most local markets, you haven’t been paying attention. Gasoline inventories on the West Coast however do appear consistent with reality as less refining output and a lack of resupply options both continue to create headaches for suppliers.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk, including all charts from the Weekly DOE Report.

Pivotal Week For Price Action