Yo-Yo Action Continues In Energy Markets
The yo-yo action continues in energy markets this week after March trading ended with heavy selling, only to see those losses erased in the first few hours of April.
The OPEC policy meeting is today, which will often add to volatility as rumors and speculation run rampant ahead of the official announcement, if they decide to make one. We’re also heading into a rare holiday weekend that will include the March jobs report when markets are closed, which could create some more swings when trading resumes Sunday night.
Yesterday’s DOE report offered good news for both demand and supply in the U.S., as gasoline consumption hit a six month high, and supplies look like they’re almost back to normal levels.
Total U.S. refinery runs have finally returned to the levels we saw six weeks ago before Texas froze over. PADD 3 (Gulf Coast) run rates are still slightly below where they were prior to the storm as several units are still being repaired, but total runs in the region did increase by more than 550mb/day last week.
Those increased run rates can be felt from West Texas to Philadelphia as allocations begin to ease and outages become more rare this week. Colonial pipeline reported earlier in the week that supplies along its system were increasing, alleviating some of the pressure on markets across the South East, but would still need more product input along the Gulf Coast to get back to normal run rates.
Speaking of pressure on Colonial, the PHMSA released a proposed safety order warning Colonial that it must take measures to reduce potential risk along its system after a study of last year’s gasoline leak that ended up being a much bigger deal than originally thought. This report may be much ado about nothing as Colonial has already implemented safety measures, and was using the recent slowdown in operating rates to perform more maintenance, but it will be important to keep an eye on given its outsized influence on supply across a huge part of the country, not to mention the growing list of disruptions over the past five years.
Another sign that things are getting back to normal on the supply side of the economic equation, imports of petroleum products dropped back closer to their seasonal average after hitting their highest levels in a decade following the polar plunge.
RIN prices also continued their rollercoaster ride Wednesday, taking back 6-8 cents of the losses they faced earlier in the week, as lower than forecast planting estimates in the quarterly crop report had grains and soybean oil trading limit up on the day. No word yet if Mr. Beeks had been consulted on the crop report since those products were selling off sharply ahead of the report which certainly has several traders wishing for a do over.
Week 38- US DOE Inventory Recap
It’s A Soft Start For Energy Markets Wednesday As Traders Await The Weekly Inventory Report, And The FOMC
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Energy markets are ticking modestly higher this morning but remain well off the highs set early Thursday following the reports that Russia was temporarily banning most refined product exports.
The law of government intervention and unintended consequences: Russian officials claim the export ban is an effort to promote market stability, and right on cue, its gasoline prices plummeted a not-so-stable 10% following the news.
There’s a saying that bull markets don’t end due to bad news, they end when the market stops rallying on good news. It’s possible that if ULSD futures continue lower after failing to sustain yesterday’s rally, or this morning’s, we could be seeing the end of the most recent bull run. That said, it’s still much too soon to call the top here, particularly with a steepening forward curve leaving prices susceptible to a squeeze, and the winter-demand months still ahead of us. Short term we need to see ULSD hold above $3.30 next week to avoid breaking its weekly trend line.
The sell-off in RIN values picked up steam Thursday, with 2023 D4 and D6 values dropping to the $1.02 range before finally finding a bid later in the session and ending the day around $1.07.
Tropical Storm Ophelia is expected to be named today, before making landfall on the North Carolina coast tomorrow. This isn’t a major storm, and there aren’t any refineries in its path, so it’s unlikely to do much to disrupt supply, but it will dump heavy rain several of the major East Coast markets so it will likely hamper demand through the weekend. The other storm system being tracked by the NHC is now given 90% odds of being named next week, but its predicted path has shifted north as it moves across the Atlantic, which suggests it is more likely to stay out to sea like Nigel did than threaten either the Gulf or East Coasts.
Exxon reported an upset at its Baytown refinery that’s been ongoing for the past 24 hours. It’s still unclear which units are impacted by this event, and whether or not it will have meaningful impacts on output. Total’s Pt Arthur facility also reported an upset yesterday, but that event lasted less than 90 minutes. Like most upsets in the region recently, traders seem to be shrugging off the news with gulf coast basis values not moving much.
The yo-yo action in diesel continues with each day alternating between big gains and big losses so far this week. Today’s 11-cent rally is being blamed on reports that Russia is cutting exports of refined products effective immediately. It’s been a while since Russian sabre rattling has driven a noticeable price move in energy futures, after being a common occurrence at the start of the war. Just like tweets from our prior President however, these types of announcements seem to have a diminishing shelf-life, particularly given how the industry has adapted to the change in Russian export flows, so don’t be surprised if the early rally loses steam later today.
The announcement also helped gasoline prices rally 5-cents off of their overnight lows, and cling to modest gains just above a penny in the early going. Before the announcement, RBOB futures were poised for a 5th straight day of losses.
IF the export ban lasts, that would be good news for US refiners that have seen their buyers in south American countries – most notably Brazil – reduce their purchases in favor of discounted barrels from Russia this year.
US refinery runs dropped below year-ago levels for the first time in 6 weeks, with PADDS 1, 2 and 3 all seeing large declines at the start of a busy fall maintenance schedule. Oil inventories continued to decline, despite the drop-in run rates and a big increase in the adjustment factor as oil exports surged back north of 5 million barrels/day. Keep in mind that as recently as 2011 the US only produced 5 million barrels of oil every day, and exports were mostly banned until 2016, so to be sending this many barrels overseas is truly a game changer for the global market.
Chicken or the egg? Cushing OK oil stocks dropped below year-ago levels for the first time since January last week, which may be caused by the return of backwardation incenting shippers to lower inventory levels, the shift to new WTI Midland and Houston contracts as the export market expands. Of course, the low inventory levels are also blamed for causing the backwardation in crude oil prices, and the shift to an export market may keep inventories at the NYMEX hub lower for longer as fewer shippers want to go inland with their barrels.
Refined product inventories remain near the bottom end of their seasonal ranges, with a healthy recovery in demand after last week’s holiday hangover helping keep stocks in check. The biggest mover was a large jump in PADD 5 distillates, which was foreshadowed by the 30 cent drop in basis values the day prior. The big story for gasoline on the week was a surge in exports to the highest level of the year, which is helping keep inventories relatively tight despite the driving season having ended 2 weeks ago.
As expected, the FED held rates yesterday, but the open market committee also included a note that they expected to raise rates one more time this year, which sparked a selloff in equity markets that trickled over into energy prices Wednesday afternoon. The correlation between energy and equities has been non-existent of late, and already this morning we’re seeing products up despite equities pointing lower, so it doesn’t look like the FOMC announcement will have a lasting impact on fuel prices this time around.